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Colonoscopies and Cancer Prevention – How the Procedure Safeguards Your Health

by Deniz Ellard

Regular colon cancer screening is essential because it helps detect and treat polyps before they turn into cancer. It prevents colorectal cancer deaths.

Some people may experience pain and bloating after the procedure. It usually goes away quickly.

The person will receive a sedative the day before or on the morning of the test. They must arrange for someone to drive them home after the procedure.

Risk Factors

A person’s risk for colorectal cancer increases with age and family history. Certain factors, such as age and family history, cannot be altered, which may increase the risk of developing a specific condition. However, adopting a healthy lifestyle can help to reduce this risk. It entails maintaining a healthy weight, following a diet low in fat and red meat, quitting smoking, and engaging in regular exercise.

Most people with a colonoscopy have no symptoms, and the procedure is painless. In pill or liquid form, a sedative may be given the day before the procedure to make you sleepy and reduce discomfort. It is expected to experience bloating and gas and see small amounts of blood in your first bowel movement after a colonoscopy. This procedure is the most effective way to screen for colon cancer. A study found that 42% of people invited to get a colonoscopy did, and the screening reduced their risk of developing colorectal cancer by 31% and their chances of dying from it by 50%.7,8


The test itself is noninvasive, but preparing for it can be messy. Patients must use a series of liquid laxatives to clean their bowels in the days leading up to their colonoscopy, which often requires them to spend a lot of time in the bathroom. The instructions vary by doctor and product, so carefully following your specific plan is essential.

A colonoscopy is typically performed while the patient is under sedation, which keeps them in a twilight sleep. It is an essential step in lowering the risk of serious complications. Which can include a reaction to the bowel prep, heart or lung problems, an infection, and bleeding from the colon.

While a diet, exercise, and family history can significantly reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Regular screenings with a colonoscopy are the only way to spot pre-cancerous polyps that can later turn into invasive or deadly tumors. While many people avoid this procedure due to fear or discomfort. The reality is that it’s not as bad as it looks and could save lives.


A healthcare professional from Gastro Of The Rockies will give you sedatives or anesthesia by injection into a vein (IV). During the procedure, you will be rendered unconscious and free from any pain. You will also be given fluids through the IV. Your bowel must be empty for the test, so you can take a laxative, usually a pill or an enema, the night before and on the morning of your colonoscopy. It would help to drink lots of clear fluids that day but avoid solid food.

Your doctor will insert the thin colonoscope into your back passage (rectum) and gently move it through your large bowel. Doctor may add air to help see the lining of your colon better.

Your doctor will search for polyps, which are small growths on the colon’s lining that can develop into cancer and must be extracted. Your doctor may also remove tissue for biopsy to check whether you have cancer or another condition, such as inflammatory bowel disease or diverticulosis.


A doctor may also remove polyps, which are growths on the colon lining and are usually harmless. These growths can be cancerous, however, and the removal of polyps during a colonoscopy can prevent colon cancer.

During the procedure, you will lie on an examination table while the doctor inserts a colonoscope into your rectum and colon. The scope has a camera that sends video images to a monitor. The doctor can move the scope around to get a good view of your colon and rectum lining.

After the colonoscopy, you may feel cramping or bloating, but these symptoms should disappear within a few hours. You may pass gas and have a bowel movement right after the procedure as well.

A recent study suggests routine colonoscopies can offer at least ten years of protection against colorectal cancer mortality. It is the first time that a screening test for colon cancer has been shown to reduce both colorectal cancer and CRC-related death significantly.

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